Eye Tests Guide


In this Eye Tests Guide you can read all about opticians eye tests including how to read your eye prescription, the costs of eye tests in the UK, the differences between eye care professionals including optometrists and ophthalmologists and much more.

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At your eye test appointment, you will initially be asked a number of questions covering the following:              

  • Reason for test - Firstly, you will be asked why you are having your eyes examined.  It may be due to a routine check-up or you may have a specific reason for the appointment.  This is the time to inform the optometrist if you feel you have any problems with your eyes.  You will need to discuss symptoms.
  • General health - You will also be asked about your general health including any medication you are taking and if you suffer from headaches. 
  • Family history - You will be asked if there is a history of eye problems in your family such as glaucoma.
  • Glasses/contact lenses - Inform the optometrist if you wear glasses or contact lenses. 
  • Other information - You may be asked about your occupation, sports interests etc. 

The actual eye examination will incorporate the following:

  • Internal & external exam - To assess your eyes thoroughly and reveal any health conditions, your eyes will be examined both externally and internally.  An ophthalmoscope (a type of torch) will be used to examine the inside of your eye.  It will be shone through your pupil and will help test pupil reflexes.
  • Tests - There are a number of tests available and they will be selected depending on your particular circumstances and age.  Optometrists usually recommend checking for glaucoma if you are over 40 years old.  This is because you may have glaucoma and not realise this until some sight has been lost. 
  • Glasses & contact lenses - The optometrist will check your vision with and without glass lenses to check if there are any problems with your sight.  Your distance vision, near vision and intermediate vision will be checked.  The type and extent of any problems will be examined by using different lenses to determine which one improves the quality and clarity of your vision, most affectively. 
  • Eye movements and co-ordination - It is important that both your eyes work well together to ensure that some muscles are not over worked.

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