Macular Degeneration Guide

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As we age, our general health can begin to deteriorate.  Age related macular degeneration (AMD/AMRD) is usually a natural deterioration of the eye, which can reduce vision.  The disease typically starts to take effect after the age of 65 and usually begins with a loss of central vision. The animation shows that for those at risk of AMD, an Amsler Chart can be used at home. The chart will help identify any distortions in the macula - the part of the eye that deteriorates with AMD.

This guide helps explain the differences between the two main types of AMD, ‘wet’ and ‘dry’ and what lifestyle changes can be made if you want to preserve your sight and dampen the long-term symptoms and likelihood of this disease.  At a certain age, regular eye exams are crucial. To find an optician near you, visit the Find page.   

What is Macular Degeneration?

Macular Degeneration (MD) also known as Age Macular Degeneration (AMD) and Age Related Macular Degeneration (AMRD) occurs when the cells of the macula become damaged or stop working due to age.  As the macula degenerates vision becomes impaired.  AMD is extremely common and gradually destroys the sharpness of central vision.  AMD is often the cause of blindness in old age.

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For further information and support on macular disease, contact:

Macular Society

PO Box 1870


SP10 9AD
Tel: 0300 3030 111

Registered Charity No. 1001198