Eye Care Guide


Your eye is the second most complex organ of your body, after your brain.  Your eyes are actively working from the moment you open them in the morning up until you close them at night, relaying hundreds of thousands of messages to your brain throughout the day.   

In this Eye Care Guide, you can read about how to look after your eyes by adopting a healthy lifestyle and maintaining over well-being.  Research has shown that certain minerals and vitamins can help dampen the effects of serious eye conditions such as cataract and reduce your risk of developing macular degeneration.  If you smoke, are you aware of how your eyes may be damaged?  Smoking is actually the second highest risk factor in developing macular degeneration.  This guide looks at some of these issues and helps ensure that you know what you can do to look after your eyes long-term.

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General Eyecare Tips


We all know how precious our eyesight is and just how important it is to keep on top of our eye health. Here are some pointers to keep your vision in perfect viewing order.

  • Eat the right food

There is truth in that saying ‘carrots are good for your eyes’. Along with other vegetables, carrots when consumed as part of a healthy diet give you many of the important vitamins your eyes need for good health. If you have a diet high in sources such as Vitamin C and E, Zinc and Omega 3 then you are less likely to suffer from eye disorders such as age related macular degeneration.

  • No smoking

It’s a proven fact that smoking is bad for your health so it’s no surprise that it also affects your eyes. If you do smoke or if you have smoked in the past then you are far more likely to suffer from eye problems than people who have never partaken to the habit.

  • Rest your eyes regularly

Those of you who use computer screens for long periods of time can be slowly straining your eyes causing them to become tired. Regular breaks from computers can prevent eye fatigue and also reduce the likelihood of developing certain eye conditions. Regular blinking also gives the eyes a brief rest and moisturises them stopping them from becoming dry and tired.

  • Check your family history

Be aware that some eye diseases are hereditary, therefore its important to know your families history of eye health. Those who do have a history of conditions such as cataracts, age related macular degeneration and diabetic retinopathy have a high-risk chance of developing these at some point so early detection and regular eye checkups are essential.  Many of these disorders are age related with a greater chance of your eye health declining the older you get.

  • Catch symptoms early

Intervention at the earliest opportunity can increase the success of treatment and recovery whilst the longer you leave your eyes untreated the more damage is caused and the possibility of the eyes improving is lower. If you do have problems with your eyes or show any symptoms of pain, change in vision or headaches, then seek medical advice immediately.

  • Protect your eyes from the sun

Wearing sunglasses whilst in the sun is essential. Pairs that work to European safety standards carry the CE mark and are a great benefit to your eyes. Not only do they shield your eyes from bright sunlight preventing any damage to the retina, but they also protect the skin around the eye area, decreasing the chances of wrinkles and skin cancer and can also help reduce the development of cataracts.

  • Always wear eye protection

Not only should you protect your eyes from the sunlight but it’s also crucial to wear eye protection whilst doing DIY at home, using chemicals, playing some sports or operating machinery. If you work in an environment that could be a danger to your eyes then protection should be provided and taken full advantage of to avoid an injury. If you do obtain an injury to your eye area then immediate medical advice should be sought.

  • Have regular eye checkups

Keep in regular contact with your eye care provider especially as you get older and your eye health decreases. If you have a family history of eye problems or suffer with diabetes or high blood pressure or even if you are just having problems with your eyes, it’s important to get a specialist to assess them. Most opticians are trained to detect most eye diseases and symptoms so thorough checkups are worthwhile.

  • Look after your contact lenses and glasses

Take care of your contact lenses or glasses.  Misuse may cause them to become damaged and this in turn may harm your eyes. Follow the instructions supplied with contact lenses and ensure that their cleanliness is kept high in order to avoid irritation and infection. Glasses lenses should be kept clean using the special cloth provided and loose pairs should be tightened in order to avoid the loss of lenses. You should keep regular eye tests with your optician to ensure that your vision is cared for efficiently. 

The news headlines shown above for Eye Health / Blindness are provided courtesy of Medical News Today.

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